Dr. Tim Heard

Publications

Kaluza, Benjamin; Wallace, Helen; Keller, Alexander; Heard, Tim; Jeffers, Bradley; Drescher, Nora; Blüthgen, Nico; Leonhardt, Sara. (2017) Bees benefit from biodiversity by maximizing diversity intake in plant species rich and resource abundant environments Ecosphere 8:e01758-n/a · DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.1758. 

Kaluza, B. F., H. Wallace, T. A. Heard, A.-M. Klein and S. D. Leonhardt (2016). "Urban gardens promote bee foraging over natural habitats and plantations." Ecology and Evolution: doi: 10.1002/ece1003.1941.

Leonhardt S.D., Kaluza B.F.WallaceH, Heard T.A. (2016) Resources or landmarks: Which factors drive homing success in Tetragonula carbonaria foraging in natural and disturbed landscapes? Journal of Comparative Physiology A 202:701-8. doi: 10.1007/s00359-016-1100-5.

Smith, J. P., Heard, T. A., Gloag R. & Beekman M. (2016) Flight range of the Australian stingless bee, Tetragonula carbonaria (Hymenoptera, Apidae) Austral Entomology, doi: 10.1111/aen.12206.

Heard, T. (2016) How Australia’s stingless bees cam to be. Wildlife Australia Autumn 2016 pp 26-27.

Heard, T.A. (2016) Chapter 1: Bee Biology and Behaviour, in AgGuide: Australian Native Bees, NSW Department of Primary Industries. Pp 7-20.

Heard, T.A. and Hogendoorn K. (2016) Chapter 2: Bees as pollinators, in AgGuide: Australian Native Bees, NSW Department of Primary Industries. Pp 21-26. ISBN 9781742569567

Heard, T.A. and Hogendoorn K. (2016) Chapter 4: Native bees for pollination services in agriculture, in AgGuide: Australian Native Bees, NSW Department of Primary Industries. Pp 37-44.

Smith, T. and Heard, T.A. (2016) Chapter 6: Creating artificial nest sites for Australain solitary and semi-social bees, in AgGuide: Australian Native Bees, NSW Department of Primary Industries. Pp 57-72.

Heard, T.A. (2016) Chapter 8: Stingless Bees, in AgGuide: Australian Native Bees, NSW Department of Primary Industries. Pp 107-140. 9781742569567

Massaro CF, Smyth TJ, Smyth WF, Heard T, Leonhardt SD, Katouli M, Wallace HM and Brooks P. (2015) Phloroglucinols from Anti-Microbial Deposit-Resins of Australian Stingless Bees (Tetragonula carbonaria). Phytotherapy Research 29: 48–58.

Massaro, C., Katouli, M., Grkovic, T., Vu, H., Quinn, R. J., Heard, T. A., Carvalho, C., Manley-Harris, M., Wallace, H., & Brooks, P. (2014). Anti-staphylococcal activity of C-methyl flavanones from propolis of Australian stingless bees (Tetragonula carbonaria) and fruit resins of Corymbia torelliana (Myrtaceae). Fitoterapia, 95, 247-257.

Massaro CF, Shelley D, Heard TA, and Brooks P. (2014) In Vitro Antibacterial Phenolic Extracts from “Sugarbag” Pot-Honeys of Australian Stingless Bees (Tetragonula carbonaria). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 62: 12209−12217.

Cunningham J. P., Hereward J. P., Heard T.A., De Barro P.J. & West S.A. (2014) Bees at War: interspecific battles and nest usurpation in stingless bees. American Naturalist 184(6): 777-786. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/678399.

Nunes T.M., Heard T.A., Venturieri G. and Oldroyd B. (2014) Emergency queens in Tetragonula carbonaria (Smith ,1854) (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini). Austral Entomology, DOI: 10.1111/aen.12104. 

Leonhardt SD, Heard TA, Wallace H (2014) Different foraging strategies in two sympatric Australian stingless bee species. Apidologie 45: 514–527. DOI: 10.1007/s13592-013-0266-x.

Massaro, C., Katouli, M., Grkovic, T., Vu, H., Quinn, R. J., Heard, T. A., Carvalho, C., Manley-Harris, M., Wallace, H., & Brooks, P. (2014). Anti-staphylococcal activity of C-methyl flavanones from propolis of Australian stingless bees (Tetragonula carbonaria) and fruit resins of Corymbia torelliana (Myrtaceae). Fitoterapia, 95, 247-257.

Halcroft M., Spooner-Hart R, Haigh AM, Heard TA and Dollin A 2013. The Australian stingless bee industry: a follow-up survey, one decade on. Journal of Apicultural Research 52: 1-7.

Brito R.M., Schaerf T.M., Myerscough M.R., Heard T.A., Oldroyd, B.P. (2012) Brood comb construction by the stingless bees Tetragonula hockingsi and Tetragonula carbonaria. Swarm Intelligence 6: 151-176.

Heard, T. (2011) Australian native stingless bees – recent research on a species with a variety of potential commercial applications. Queensland Entomological Society News Bulletin. 39: 26-28.

Norgate M, Boyd-Gerny S, Simonov V, Rosa MGP, Heard T.A., and Dyer A.G. (2010) Ambient Temperature Influences Australian Native Stingless Bee (Trigona carbonaria) Preference for Warm Nectar. PLoS ONE 5(8): e12000. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0012000.

Boorn K.L., Khor Y.-Y., Sweetman E., Tan F., Heard T.A. and Hammer, K.A. (2010) Antimicrobial activity of honey from the stingless bee Trigona carbonaria determined by agar diffusion, agar dilution, broth microdilution and time-kill methodology. Journal of Applied Microbiology 108: 1534-1543.

Oddo, L P; Heard, T A; Rodriguez-Malaver, A; Perez, R A; Fernandez-Muino, M; Sancho, M T; Sesta, G; Lusco, L; Vit, P (2008) Composition and antioxidant activity of Trigona carbonaria honey from Australia. Journal of Medicinal Food 11: 789-784.

Irish J., Heard T. A., Carter DA, Blair SE. (2008) Antibacterial activity of honey from the Australian stingless bee Trigona carbonaria. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 32: 89-90.

Gloag, R. S., Heard, T. A., Beekman, M. B., Oldroyd, B. P. (2008) Nest defence in a stingless bee: What causes fighting swarms in Trigona carbonaria (Hymenoptera: Meliponini)? Insectes Sociaux 55: 387-391.

Gloag, R. S., Beekman, M. B., Heard, T. A., Oldroyd, B. P. (2007) No worker reproduction in the Australian stingless bee, Trigona carbonaria Smith (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Insectes Sociaux 15: 412-417.

Vit P; Rodríguez-Malaver A; Almeida D; Almeida Souza B; Carlos Marchini L; Fernández Díaz C; Esther Tricio A; Khan Villas-Bôas J; Heard, TA. (2006) A scientific event to promote knowledge regarding honey from stingless bees: 1. physical-chemical composition. Magistra 18: 270-276.

Souza BA, Roubik DW, Barth OM, Heard TA, Enriquez E, Carvalho CAL, Villas-Bôas JK, Marchini LC, Locatelli JC, Persano-Oddo L, Almeida-Muradian, LB, Bogdanov S. Vit P, (2006) Composition of stingless bee honey: setting quality standards. Interciencia 31: 857-875.

Heard, T.A. (2006) Traditional stingless beekeeping in Mexico. Entomological Society of Queensland News Bulletin. 34: 151-154.

Cortopassi-Laurino, M., Imperatriz-Fonseca, V.L. Roubik, D.W., Dollin, A., Heard, T., Bengoa Aguilar, I., Venturieri, G.C., Eardley, C., Nogueira-Neto P. (2006) Global Meliponiculture: challenges and opportunities. Apidologie 37: 1-17?

Heard, T (2003) Native stingless bees: biology, conservation and economic utilisation. Queensland Entomological Society News Bulletin. 31: 134-141.

Cunningham, S.A., Fitzgibbon, F. and Heard T.A. (2002) The future of pollination in Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 53: 893-900.

White, D. Cribb B.W. and Heard, T.A. (2001) Flower constancy of the stingless bee, Trigona carbonaria Smith (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini). Australian Journal of Entomology 40: 61-64.

Heard, T.A. and Dollin, A. (2000) Stingless beekeeping in Australia, snapshot of an infant industry. Bee World 82: 116-125.

Amano K. Nemoto, T. and Heard T.A. (2000) What are the Stingless Bees, and Why and How to Use Them as Crop Pollinators? - a Review. Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly 34: 183-190.

Heard, T. (2000) Could Aussie stingless bees pollinate avocado? Aussie Bee 15: 20-21.

Heard, T.A. (1999) The role of stingless bees in crop pollination. Annual Review of Entomology 44: 183-206.

Heard, T. (1999) Leafcutter bees and crop pollination. Aussie Bee 9: 6-7.

Heard, T. (1999) Pollination of mangoes: flies or stingless bees. Aussie Bee 11: 11.

Heard, T.A. and Dollin A. (1998) Crop pollination with native stingless bees. Native bees of Australia Series, Booklet 6, Australian Native Bee Research Centre: Sydney.

Heard, T. (1998) Amegilla native bees and the pollination of cardamom. Aussie Bee 6: 12.

Heard, T. (1998) Stingless bees as pollinators of macadamia. Aussie Bee 7: 8.

Heard, T. (1998) Carpenter bees and the pollination of passionfruit. Aussie Bee 8: 6-7.

Dollin A. and Heard, T.A. (1997) Beekeeping with native stingless bees in Australia. Native bees of Australia Series, Booklet 5, Australian Native Bee Research Centre: Sydney.

Heard, T.A. (1996) The stingless bees. Nature Australia Spring 1996 pp. 50-55.

Yamane, S., Heard, T.A. and Sakagami, S.F. (1995). Oviposition behaviour of the stingless bees (Apidae, Meliponinae) XVI. Trigona (Tetragonula) carbonaria endemic to Australia, with a highly integrated oviposition process. Japanese Journal of Entomology 63: 275-296.

Heard, T.A. (1994) Behaviour and pollinator efficiency of stingless bees and honey bees on macadamia flowers. Journal of Apicultural Research 33: 191-198.

Heard, T.A. and Exley, E.M. (1994) Diversity, abundance and distribution of insect visitors to macadamia flowers. Environmental Entomology 23: 91-100.

Heard, T.A. and Hendrikz, J.K. (1993) Factors influencing flight activity of colonies of the stingless bee, Trigona carbonaria (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 41: 343-353.

Heard, T.A. (1993) Pollinator requirements and flowering patterns of Macadamia integrifolia. Australian Journal of Botany 41: 491-497.

Heard, T.A.; Vithanage, V. and Chacko, E.K. (1990) Pollination biology of cashew in the Northern Territory of Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 41: 1101-1114.

Heard, T.A. (1988) Propagation of hives of the stingless bee Trigona carbonaria. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 27: 303-304.

Heard, T.A. (1988) Establishment and propagation of hives of native stingless bees for orchard pollination. Rare Fruits Council of Australia Inc. Newsletter, no. 52 pp 12-14.

Heard, T.A. (1988) Establishment and propagation of hives of native stingless bees. Australasian Beekeeper.

Heard, T.A. (1988) Establishment and propagation of hives of native stingless bees for pollination of macadamia. Australian Macadamia Society News Bulletin 16 (2): 10-13.

Fain, A. and Heard, T.A. (1987) Description and life cycle of Cerophagus trigona spec. nov. (Acari, Acaridae), associated with the stingless bee Trigona carbonaria Smith in Australia. Bulletin de L'Institute Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Entomologie, 57: 197-202.