Dr. Tim Heard

Publications

Kaluza, B. F., H. Wallace, T. A. Heard, A.-M. Klein and S. D. Leonhardt (2016). "Urban gardens promote bee foraging over natural habitats and plantations." Ecology and Evolution: doi: 10.1002/ece1003.1941.

Leonhardt S.D., Kaluza B.F.WallaceH, Heard T.A. (2016) Resources or landmarks: Which factors drive homing success in Tetragonula carbonaria foraging in natural and disturbed landscapes? Journal of Comparative Physiology A 202:701-8. doi: 10.1007/s00359-016-1100-5.

Smith, J. P., Heard, T. A., Gloag R. & Beekman M. (2016) Flight range of the Australian stingless bee, Tetragonula carbonaria (Hymenoptera, Apidae) Austral Entomology, doi: 10.1111/aen.12206.

Heard, T. (2016) How Australia’s stingless bees cam to be. Wildlife Australia Autumn 2016 pp 26-27.

R. Gloag, J. P. Smith, T. A. Heard & M. Beekman, Australian stingless bees eavesdrop on the olfactory signals of introduced honey bees. Biology Letters (submitted)

Massaro CF, Smyth TJ, Smyth WF, Heard T, Leonhardt SD, Katouli M, Wallace HM and Brooks P. (2015) Phloroglucinols from Anti-Microbial Deposit-Resins of Australian Stingless Bees (Tetragonula carbonaria). Phytotherapy Research 29: 48–58.

Massaro, C., Katouli, M., Grkovic, T., Vu, H., Quinn, R. J., Heard, T. A., Carvalho, C., Manley-Harris, M., Wallace, H., & Brooks, P. (2014). Anti-staphylococcal activity of C-methyl flavanones from propolis of Australian stingless bees (Tetragonula carbonaria) and fruit resins of Corymbia torelliana (Myrtaceae). Fitoterapia, 95, 247-257.

Massaro CF, Shelley D, Heard TA, and Brooks P. (2014) In Vitro Antibacterial Phenolic Extracts from “Sugarbag” Pot-Honeys of Australian Stingless Bees (Tetragonula carbonaria). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 62: 12209−12217.

Cunningham J. P., Hereward J. P., Heard T.A., De Barro P.J. & West S.A. (2014) Bees at War: interspecific battles and nest usurpation in stingless bees. American Naturalist 184(6): 777-786. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/678399.

Nunes T.M., Heard T.A., Venturieri G. and Oldroyd B. (2014) Emergency queens in Tetragonula carbonaria (Smith ,1854) (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini). Austral Entomology, DOI: 10.1111/aen.12104. 

Leonhardt SD, Heard TA, Wallace H (2014) Different foraging strategies in two sympatric Australian stingless bee species. Apidologie 45: 514–527. DOI: 10.1007/s13592-013-0266-x.

Massaro, C., Katouli, M., Grkovic, T., Vu, H., Quinn, R. J., Heard, T. A., Carvalho, C., Manley-Harris, M., Wallace, H., & Brooks, P. (2014). Anti-staphylococcal activity of C-methyl flavanones from propolis of Australian stingless bees (Tetragonula carbonaria) and fruit resins of Corymbia torelliana (Myrtaceae). Fitoterapia, 95, 247-257.

Halcroft M., Spooner-Hart R, Haigh AM, Heard TA and Dollin A 2013. The Australian stingless bee industry: a follow-up survey, one decade on. Journal of Apicultural Research 52: 1-7.

Brito R.M., Schaerf T.M., Myerscough M.R., Heard T.A., Oldroyd, B.P. (2012) Brood comb construction by the stingless bees Tetragonula hockingsi and Tetragonula carbonaria. Swarm Intelligence 6: 151-176.

Heard, T. (2011) Australian native stingless bees – recent research on a species with a variety of potential commercial applications. Queensland Entomological Society News Bulletin. 39: 26-28.

Norgate M, Boyd-Gerny S, Simonov V, Rosa MGP, Heard T.A., and Dyer A.G. (2010) Ambient Temperature Influences Australian Native Stingless Bee (Trigona carbonaria) Preference for Warm Nectar. PLoS ONE 5(8): e12000. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0012000.

Boorn K.L., Khor Y.-Y., Sweetman E., Tan F., Heard T.A. and Hammer, K.A. (2010) Antimicrobial activity of honey from the stingless bee Trigona carbonaria determined by agar diffusion, agar dilution, broth microdilution and time-kill methodology. Journal of Applied Microbiology 108: 1534-1543.

Oddo, L P; Heard, T A; Rodriguez-Malaver, A; Perez, R A; Fernandez-Muino, M; Sancho, M T; Sesta, G; Lusco, L; Vit, P (2008) Composition and antioxidant activity of Trigona carbonaria honey from Australia. Journal of Medicinal Food 11: 789-784.

Irish J., Heard T. A., Carter DA, Blair SE. (2008) Antibacterial activity of honey from the Australian stingless bee Trigona carbonaria. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 32: 89-90.

Gloag, R. S., Heard, T. A., Beekman, M. B., Oldroyd, B. P. (2008) Nest defence in a stingless bee: What causes fighting swarms in Trigona carbonaria (Hymenoptera: Meliponini)? Insectes Sociaux 55: 387-391.

Gloag, R. S., Beekman, M. B., Heard, T. A., Oldroyd, B. P. (2007) No worker reproduction in the Australian stingless bee, Trigona carbonaria Smith (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Insectes Sociaux 15: 412-417.

Vit P; Rodríguez-Malaver A; Almeida D; Almeida Souza B; Carlos Marchini L; Fernández Díaz C; Esther Tricio A; Khan Villas-Bôas J; Heard, TA. (2006) A scientific event to promote knowledge regarding honey from stingless bees: 1. physical-chemical composition. Magistra 18: 270-276.

Souza BA, Roubik DW, Barth OM, Heard TA, Enriquez E, Carvalho CAL, Villas-Bôas JK, Marchini LC, Locatelli JC, Persano-Oddo L, Almeida-Muradian, LB, Bogdanov S. Vit P, (2006) Composition of stingless bee honey: setting quality standards. Interciencia 31: 857-875.

Heard, T.A. (2006) Traditional stingless beekeeping in Mexico. Entomological Society of Queensland News Bulletin. 34: 151-154.

Cortopassi-Laurino, M., Imperatriz-Fonseca, V.L. Roubik, D.W., Dollin, A., Heard, T., Bengoa Aguilar, I., Venturieri, G.C., Eardley, C., Nogueira-Neto P. (2006) Global Meliponiculture: challenges and opportunities. Apidologie 37: 1-17?

Heard, T (2003) Native stingless bees: biology, conservation and economic utilisation. Queensland Entomological Society News Bulletin. 31: 134-141.

Cunningham, S.A., Fitzgibbon, F. and Heard T.A. (2002) The future of pollination in Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 53: 893-900.

White, D. Cribb B.W. and Heard, T.A. (2001) Flower constancy of the stingless bee, Trigona carbonaria Smith (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini). Australian Journal of Entomology 40: 61-64.